Senior Director


Max Hoffman

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Max Hoffman is the senior director of National Security and International Policy at American Progress, focusing on Turkey and the Kurdish regions; U.S. defense policy; and the intersection of climate change, human migration, and security concerns. He has organized and undertaken repeated research trips to Turkey, Iraq, Lebanon, Germany, and India.

Prior to joining American Progress, Hoffman worked on disarmament and security issues for the United Nations and the U.S. House of Representatives Armed Services Committee. Hoffman has been published in a range of academic and news outlets. He received his M.A. in history from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.


Flashpoints in U.S.-Turkey Relations in 2021 Report
Turkish soldiers patrol the northern Syrian Kurdish town of Tel Abyad, on the border between Syria and Turkey, on October 23, 2019. (Getty/AFP/Bakr Alkasem)

Flashpoints in U.S.-Turkey Relations in 2021

Turkey’s pursuit of strategic autonomy should be met with firm transactionalism by the Biden administration, and while this stance is unlikely to change President Erdoğan’s unilateral approach, it could help preserve certain institutional ties.

Max Hoffman

The Turkish Diaspora in Europe Report
Members of the Turkish community stand in front of the Oberlandesgericht courthouse with a large Turkish flag, 2018, in Munich. (Getty/Andreas Gebert)

The Turkish Diaspora in Europe

Polling shows that members of Europe’s Turkish and Turkish-Kurdish diaspora value their separate identity; nevertheless, they welcome the opportunities and freedom of life in Europe, even in the face of lingering discrimination.

Turkey’s President Erdoğan Is Losing Ground at Home Report
ISTANBUL, TURKEY - JULY 10: A man and a boy gesture in front of a placard depicting Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II, also known as Mehmet the Conqueror, outside Istanbul's famous Hagia Sophia on July 10, 2020 in Istanbul, Turkey. Turkey's top administrative court ruled to annul a 1934 decree that turned the historic Hagia Sophia into a museum. The controversial ruling opens the way for the structure to be converted back into a mosque after 85 years. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan handed over the iconic structure’s control to the country’s Religious Affairs Directorate following a court ruling revoking its status as a museum. President Erdogan said that the government will open Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia for worship on July 24.  (Photo by Burak Kara/Getty Images)

Turkey’s President Erdoğan Is Losing Ground at Home

Generational change and shifting attitudes in conservative Turkey could bring fragmentation of the dominant right-wing bloc and, potentially, a new political alignment—prospects that will continue to shape President Erdoğan’s actions at home and abroad.

Max Hoffman

Turkey’s Changing Media Landscape Report
President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan answers the questions of press members after performing the Friday prayer at Hazreti Ali Mosque in the Üsküdar district of Istanbul, January 17, 2020. (Getty/Serhat Cagdas)

Turkey’s Changing Media Landscape

Government censorship is rapidly reshaping how Turks get their news, with major implications for Turkish foreign policy, political polarization, and Erdoğan’s rule.

Andrew O’Donohue, Max Hoffman, Alan Makovsky

Trump’s Syria Shambles Report
U.S. forces, accompanied by Kurdish YPG fighters, drive armored vehicles near the northern Syrian village of Darbasiyah in April 2017. (Vehicles drive near Syrian village.)

Trump’s Syria Shambles

President Trump’s withdrawal from Syria has thrown the region into chaos, shattered American credibility, and uncovered deep problems with U.S. policy toward Turkey.

Max Hoffman

The State of the Turkish-Kurdish Conflict Report
Kurds clash with the Turkish police as they protest against recent curfews imposed on December 14, 2015, in downtown Diyarbakır. (Getty/AFP/Ilyas Akengin)

The State of the Turkish-Kurdish Conflict

The benefits of rapprochement between the Turkish government and Kurdish militants are clear, but hopes for an easing of tensions rest on shaky political ground.

Max Hoffman

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