For 825,000 undocumented immigrants who arrived in the United States as children, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) has served as a critical relief from deportation and work authorization during the past seven years. Beyond that, DACA created new avenues of opportunity for these individuals to access their American dream. DACA recipients have been able to pursue driver’s licenses and new educational opportunities; access health care; and move into better-aligned, more secure jobs, ultimately deepening their connections and expanding their contributions to the United States.
Although the Trump administration announced the rescission of DACA in September 2017, individuals who have—or who once had—DACA remain eligible to renew their protections as a result of multiple preliminary injunctions issued by federal courts hearing legal challenges to the termination of the initiative. To date, every federal court that has issued a decision in a case challenging the Trump administration’s termination of DACA has preliminarily ruled against the government and concluded that the termination was likely unlawful.
In July 2019, the U.S. Supreme Court announced it will hear the Trump administration’s appeal in three of these cases. The court will hear arguments on November 12, 2019, and is expected to issue a decision in spring 2020. The lists below include the Center for American Progress’ top recent resources on DACA.
- What We Know About DACA Recipients in the United States
This piece includes national-level data on DACA recipients, their families, and their economic contributions to the United States.
- What We Know About DACA Recipients, by State
This piece includes state-level data on DACA recipients, their families, and their economic contributions.
- What We Know About DACA Recipients, by Metropolitan Area
This piece includes data on DACA recipients, their families, and their economic contributions in 86 metropolitan areas.
- What We Know About DACA Renewals: The Latest Before DACA Heads to the Supreme Court
This piece examines how many DACA recipients have renewed and have yet to renew their protections, providing month-by-month data along with three renewal timelines to consider.
A New Threat to DACA Could Cost States Billions of Dollars
This piece includes annual gross domestic product losses from removing workers with DACA, by state.
What DACA Recipients Stand to Lose—and What States Can Do About It
This piece includes a state landscape of policies related to driver’s licenses, affordable higher education, and occupational licenses for DACA recipients.
5 Things the Trump Administration Can Do Right Now to Protect Dreamers and Show Good Faith
While only Congress can create permanent protections for DACA recipients, this piece provides five actions that President Donald Trump could take to protect them in the meantime.
What Ending DACA Means for LGBTQ Dreamers
This piece includes estimates of the number of LGBTQ Dreamers in the United States, many of whom could be deported to countries where their lives are at risk.
Annual, national surveys of DACA recipients, conducted by Tom K. Wong of the University of California, San Diego; United We Dream; the National Immigration Law Center; and CAP, measure DACA’s impacts on recipients’ lives and are discussed in the columns below:
- 2019 survey: DACA Recipients’ Livelihoods, Families, and Sense of Security Are at Stake This November
- 2018 survey: Amid Legal and Political Uncertainty, DACA Remains More Important Than Ever
- 2018 survey: Ending DACA Would Have Wide-Ranging Effects but Immigrant Youth are Fired Up and Politically Engaged
- 2017 survey: DACA Recipients’ Economic and Educational Gains Continue to Grow
- 2016 survey: New Study of DACA Beneficiaries Shows Positive Economic and Educational Outcomes
- 2015 survey: Results from a Nationwide Survey of DACA Recipients Illustrate the Program’s Impact