Is There an Ethicist in the House?
Challenges for Progressive Bioethics
October 3 , 2005
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|Arthur Leonard Caplan, Ph.D. is the Emmanuel and Robert Hart Professor of Bioethics, Chair of the Department of Medical Ethics and the Director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Prior to coming to Penn in 1994, Caplan taught at the University of Minnesota, the University of Pittsburgh, and Columbia University. He was the Associate Director of the Hastings Center from 1984-1987. Born in Boston, Caplan did his undergraduate work at Brandeis University, and did his graduate work at Columbia University where he received a Ph.D in the history and philosophy of science in 1979. Caplan is the author or editor of twenty-five books and over 500 papers in refereed journals of medicine, science, philosophy, bioethics and health policy. He writes a regular column on bioethics for MSNBC.com. He is a frequent guest and commentator on National Public Radio, CNN, MSNBC, the New York Times, Washington Post, Philadelphia Inquirer and many other media outlets. Caplan is the recipient of many awards and honors including the McGovern Medal of the American Medical Writers Association, Person of the Year-2001 from USA Today , one of the fifty most influential people in American health care by Modern Health Care magazine and one of the ten most influential people in America in biotechnology by the National Journal. He holds six honorary degrees from colleges and medical schools. He is a fellow of the Hastings Center, the NY Academy of Medicine, the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.|
|R. Alta Charo is the Warren P. Knowles Professor of Law and Bioethics at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, where she is on the faculty of the Law School and the Medical School’s Department of Medical History and Bioethics. She offers courses on health law, bioethics and biotechnology law, food & drug law, medical ethics, reproductive rights, torts, and legislative drafting. In addition, she has served on the UW Hospital clinical ethics committee, the University’s Institutional Review Board for the protection of human subjects in medical research, and the University’s Bioethics Advisory Committee. In 1996 she was appointed by President Clinton to the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, and during her five years of service she worked on reports concerning ethics and public policy governing cloning, stem cells, and human subjects research. Professor Charo is the author of nearly 100 articles, book chapters and government reports on topics including voting rights, environmental law, family planning and abortion law, medical genetics law, reproductive technology policy, and science policy and ethics. She currently serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, Cloning: Science and Policy, Public Library of Science — Medicine, and the Monash Bioethics Review. Professor Charo is a member of the board of the Alan Guttmacher Institute and the Foundation for Genetic Medicine, a member of the National Medical Advisory Committee of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America, and has been on the board of the Society for the Advancement of Women’s Health and the board of the former American Association of Bioethics. She serves on the expert advisory boards of three organizations with an interest in stem cell research, CuresNow, the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation and WiCell, as well as on the advisory board to the Wisconsin Stem Cell Research Program and she has served as a consultant to the National Academy of Science’s Institute of Medicine and the former NIH Office of Protection from Research Risks. In 2005, she was appointed to the ethics standards working group of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine.|
|Vanessa Northington Gamble, M.D., Ph.D. is Director of the Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care. The Center, the only bioethics center at a Historically Black College or University, focuses on bioethics, minority health, and public health. Its mission is to promote equity and justice in health and health care. The Center was established in 1999 as a result of President Clinton’s apology for the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Dr. Gamble chaired the committee that took the lead role in the campaign to obtain the apology. At Tuskegee, Dr. Gamble is also Professor of Bioethics in the College of Veterinary Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health at Tuskegee University. A physician and medical historian, Dr. Gamble is an internationally recognized expert on the history of race and racism in American medicine, racial and ethnic disparities in health and health care, cultural competence, diversity, and bioethics. Dr. Gamble has published and lectured extensively. Her articles have appeared in Health Affairs, the American Journal of Public Health, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, and the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Her book Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920-1945 was named an outstanding academic book by Choice , the journal of academic librarians. Dr. Gamble is a recipient of a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Investigator Award to write a book of essays on race and racism in American medicine. She is also writing a biography of Virginia M. Alexander, an African-American woman physician and social activist.|
|Jonathan D. Moreno, Ph.D. is a fellow at the Center for American Progress. He is the Emily Davie and Joseph S. Kornfeld professor of biomedical ethics and director of the Center for Biomedical Ethics at the University of Virginia. He is immediate past president of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. Moreno currently co-chairs the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research. He is also a bioethics advisor for the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, a faculty affiliate at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University, and is a fellow of the Hastings Center and the New York Academy of Medicine. His forthcoming book, Is There an Ethicist in the House?, will be published by Indiana University Press in October 2005. Among Moreno’s previous books are In the Wake of Terror: Medicine and Morality in a Time of Crisis (MIT Press, 2003), and Undue Risk: Secret State Experiments on Humans (Routledge, 2001). He is under contract to the Dana Press for a book tentatively entitled Mind Wars: National Security and the Brain . Moreno has published more than 200 papers, reviews and book chapters, and is a member of several editorial boards.|