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Opportunities and Challenges in the Eastern Mediterranean: Examining U.S. Interests and Regional Cooperation Testimony

Opportunities and Challenges in the Eastern Mediterranean: Examining U.S. Interests and Regional Cooperation

Alan Makovsky, senior fellow at the Center for American Progress, provided testimony on March 31, 2022, before the House Committee on Foreign Affairs on the United States’ involvement in the Eastern Mediterranean amid Russia’s war in Ukraine.

Alan Makovsky

Flashpoints in U.S.-Turkey Relations in 2021 Report
Turkish soldiers patrol the northern Syrian Kurdish town of Tel Abyad, on the border between Syria and Turkey, on October 23, 2019. (Getty/AFP/Bakr Alkasem)

Flashpoints in U.S.-Turkey Relations in 2021

Turkey’s pursuit of strategic autonomy should be met with firm transactionalism by the Biden administration, and while this stance is unlikely to change President Erdoğan’s unilateral approach, it could help preserve certain institutional ties.

Max Hoffman

The Turkish Diaspora in Europe Report
Members of the Turkish community stand in front of the Oberlandesgericht courthouse with a large Turkish flag, 2018, in Munich. (Getty/Andreas Gebert)

The Turkish Diaspora in Europe

Polling shows that members of Europe’s Turkish and Turkish-Kurdish diaspora value their separate identity; nevertheless, they welcome the opportunities and freedom of life in Europe, even in the face of lingering discrimination.

Max Hoffman, Alan Makovsky, Michael Werz

Interactive: The First 100 Days Interactive
 (Photoillustration: Chester Hawkins)

Interactive: The First 100 Days

This interactive database features nearly 250 recommendations that the next administration can advance, adopt, and implement within the first 100 days to set the country on a path toward a more progressive national security approach.

the CAP National Security and International Policy Team

Turkey’s President Erdoğan Is Losing Ground at Home Report
ISTANBUL, TURKEY - JULY 10: A man and a boy gesture in front of a placard depicting Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan and Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II, also known as Mehmet the Conqueror, outside Istanbul's famous Hagia Sophia on July 10, 2020 in Istanbul, Turkey. Turkey's top administrative court ruled to annul a 1934 decree that turned the historic Hagia Sophia into a museum. The controversial ruling opens the way for the structure to be converted back into a mosque after 85 years. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan handed over the iconic structure’s control to the country’s Religious Affairs Directorate following a court ruling revoking its status as a museum. President Erdogan said that the government will open Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia for worship on July 24.  (Photo by Burak Kara/Getty Images)

Turkey’s President Erdoğan Is Losing Ground at Home

Generational change and shifting attitudes in conservative Turkey could bring fragmentation of the dominant right-wing bloc and, potentially, a new political alignment—prospects that will continue to shape President Erdoğan’s actions at home and abroad.

Max Hoffman

Turkey’s Changing Media Landscape Report
President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan answers the questions of press members after performing the Friday prayer at Hazreti Ali Mosque in the Üsküdar district of Istanbul, January 17, 2020. (Getty/Serhat Cagdas)

Turkey’s Changing Media Landscape

Government censorship is rapidly reshaping how Turks get their news, with major implications for Turkish foreign policy, political polarization, and Erdoğan’s rule.

Andrew O’Donohue, Max Hoffman, Alan Makovsky

Turkish Conservatives’ Loyalty to Erdoğan and Views on Potential Successors Article
President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan addresses an audience in New York in September 2018. (Getty/Kayhan Ozer/Anadolu Agency)

Turkish Conservatives’ Loyalty to Erdoğan and Views on Potential Successors

While President Erdoğan’s support is not boundless, no potential successor currently appears able to hold together the diverse conservative constituency that dominates Turkish politics.

Max Hoffman

Trump’s Syria Shambles Report
U.S. forces, accompanied by Kurdish YPG fighters, drive armored vehicles near the northern Syrian village of Darbasiyah in April 2017. (Vehicles drive near Syrian village.)

Trump’s Syria Shambles

President Trump’s withdrawal from Syria has thrown the region into chaos, shattered American credibility, and uncovered deep problems with U.S. policy toward Turkey.

Max Hoffman

The State of the Turkish-Kurdish Conflict Report
Kurds clash with the Turkish police as they protest against recent curfews imposed on December 14, 2015, in downtown Diyarbakır. (Getty/AFP/Ilyas Akengin)

The State of the Turkish-Kurdish Conflict

The benefits of rapprochement between the Turkish government and Kurdish militants are clear, but hopes for an easing of tensions rest on shaky political ground.

Max Hoffman

Turkey’s Refugee Dilemma Report
Syrian refugee children draw in their notebooks in a refugee camp in Turkey, August 2017. (Getty/Diego Cupolo)

Turkey’s Refugee Dilemma

Despite Turkish leaders’ frequent insistence that Syrian refugees will return home, privately, they seem to be preparing for the likelihood that most will remain permanently.

Alan Makovsky

A Snapshot of Turkish Public Opinion Toward the European Union Report

A Snapshot of Turkish Public Opinion Toward the European Union

Turkish public opinion is hostile toward the European Union and may limit the potential of Ankara’s recent attempts to reset relations with the Euro bloc.

Max Hoffman

How New Is Turkey’s ‘New Nationalism’? Article
A pro-Erdoğan supporter holds a Turkish flag during a protest in Istanbul, July 2016. (GettyAris Messinis)

How New Is Turkey’s ‘New Nationalism’?

President Erdoğan has clearly expanded the place of Islam in Turkish society, but today's Turkish nationalism has deep historical roots.

Howard Eissenstat

Potential Turkish Military Move on Afrin Risks Wider War Article
People hang Turkish flags in Sugedigi neighbourhood of Hassa district in Hatay, Turkey, on January 19, 2018. (Getty/Cem Genco/Anadolu Agency)

Potential Turkish Military Move on Afrin Risks Wider War

A Turkish military move on Syrian Kurdish forces in Afrin could spark fighting between Kurdish and Turkish-backed forces across northern Syria, with disastrous ramifications for all parties.

Max Hoffman

Turkey’s Parliament Report

Turkey’s Parliament

There may be some room for meaningful parliamentary action under the vastly expanded executive power of the new Turkish presidential system.

Alan Makovsky

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