Article

Speakers and Panelists

Rand Beers
Samuel R. Berger
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Ashton B. Carter
General Wesley K. Clark, USA (Ret.)
Ivo H. Daalder
Mich�?le A. Flournoy
Mayor Ed Garza (D-San Antonio)
Rose Gottemoeller
Senator Chuck Hagel (R-NE)
Dr. Margaret A. Hamburg
Richard Holbrooke
Juliette Kayyem
Lawrence J. Korb
Robert Kuttner
Richard c= Leone
General William L. Nash, USA (Ret.)
William J. Perry
John Podesta
Clyde Prestowitz
Susan Rice
Robert E. Rubin
Ambassador Wendy Sherman
Rodney Slater
Theodore C. Sorensen
James Steinberg
Jessica Stern
General Bernard E. Trainor, USMC (Ret.)
Togo D. West, Jr.
Joseph P. Wilson
Congressman James A. Leach (R-IA)

Zbigniew Brzezinski

Zbigniew Brzezinski is a Counselor and Trustee for the Center for Strategic and International Studies and Robert E. Osgood Professor of American Foreign Policy at the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, DC. He also serves as co-chair of the American Committee for Peace in Chechnya and is a Trustee of Freedom House, International Crisis Group, and the Trilateral Commission. Brzezinski is an honorary chairman of the AmeriCares Foundation and member of the Board of Directors of Polish American Freedom Foundation and Polish American Enterprise Fund. From 1977 to 1981, he served as National Security Advisor to the President of the United States and in 1981 was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom “for his role in the normalization of U.S.-Chinese relations and for his contributions to the human rights and national security policies of the United States.” A graduate of McGill and Harvard (PhD, 1953), Brzezinski is the author most recently of THE GRAND CHESSBOARD: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives and THE GRAND FAILURE: The Birth and Death of Communism in the 20th Century, as well as other books and many articles in numerous U.S. foreign academic journals.


A shton B. Carter

The Honorable Ashton B. Carter is Co-Director, with William J. Perry, of the Preventive Defense Project, a research collaboration of Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government and Stanford University and Professor of Science and International Affairs at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. From 1993-1996, Carter served as Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, where he was responsible for national security policy concerning the states of the former Soviet Union (including their nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction), arms control, countering proliferation worldwide, export controls, and oversight of the U.S. nuclear arsenal and missile defense programs; he also chaired NATO’s High Level Group. In addition to authoring numerous scientific publications and government studies, Carter is the author and editor of a number of books, including Preventive Defense: A New Security Strategy for America (with William J. Perry). Carter’s current research focuses on the Preventive Defense Project, which designs and promotes security policies aimed at preventing the emergence of major new threats to the United States.


I vo H. Daalder

Ivo H. Daalder is a senior fellow and holds the Sydney Stein Jr. Chair in International Security at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. From 1995 to 1996 he was director for European affairs on President Clinton’s national security council staff. Daalder has just completed writing the jointly authored book, America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy, and is now working on another joint project, Power and Cooperation: An American Foreign Policy for the Age of Global Politics. Other books that he has authored and co-authored include: Protecting the American Homeland (Brookings 2002); Getting to Dayton: The Making of America’s Bosnia Policy (Brookings 2000), and Winning Ugly: NATO’s War to Save Kosovo (Brookings 2000).


M ich�?le A. Flournoy

Mich�?le A. Flournoy is senior adviser in the CSIS International Security Program, where she works on a broad range of defense policy and international security issues. She has previously worked as a distinguished research professor at the National Defense University, where she founded and led the university’s Quadrennial Defense Review working group. Before that, she was dual-hatted as principal deputy assistant secretary of defense for strategy and threat reduction, and deputy assistant secretary of defense for strategy. In this capacity, she oversaw three policy offices in the Office of the Secretary of Defense: Strategy; Requirements, Plans, and Counterproliferation; and Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasian Affairs. Ms. Flournoy was awarded the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service in 1996 and the Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service in 1998. She holds degrees from Harvard and Oxford.


E d Garza

Ed Garza was elected Mayor of San Antonio on May 5, 2001, after having served two, two-year terms as District 7 representative on the San Antonio City Council. In a historic race, Mayor Garza won the election with a cross-section of community support to become San Antonio’s youngest mayor in modern times. His agenda for San Antonio is based on the concept of “growth from within”: the economy, the physical urban landscape, and human development that builds on conservation of existing resources and assets. In his first year as mayor, following the tragic events of September 11, Garza collaborated with the County Judge and the District Attorney to create one of the nation’s first comprehensive City-County Emergency Preparedness Plans. Additionally, two commissions were created: the Mayor’s Blue Ribbon Commission on the Economy, which produced recommendations that will be used to keep San Antonio’s economy moving forward; and United San Antonio, a community based commission that will build on the strength of San Antonio’s multi-cultural background.


R ose Gottemoeller, Senior Associate
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Rose Gottemoeller specializes in national security issues, particularly relating to Russia and Eurasia. Gottemoeller’s research at the Carnegie Endowment focuses on issues of nuclear security and stability flowing from the breakup of the Soviet Union and problems in the non-proliferation regime. Before joining the Endowment in October 2000, Gottemoeller was deputy undersecretary for defense nuclear non-proliferation in the U.S. Department of Energy. In 1999 and 2000, she served as the department’s assistant secretary for non-proliferation and national security. Prior to her Energy Department work, Gottemoeller served from 1994 to 1997 as deputy director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. From 1993 to 1994, she served at the National Security Council at the White House as director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs. Previously, she was a senior defense analyst at RAND, a Council on Foreign Relations fellow and an adjunct professor of Soviet military policy at Georgetown University. She is currently an adjunct professor teaching on Eurasian security, also at Georgetown University.


C huck Hagel

Chuck Hagel is the Senior Senator from Nebraska and sits on three committees: Foreign Relations; Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs; and the Select Committee on Intelligence. Hagel is chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations International Economic Policy, Export and Trade Promotion Subcommittee and the Senate Banking International Trade and Finance Subcommittee. Hagel also serves as the Co-chairman of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China. Prior to his election to the Senate, Hagel was president of McCarthy & Company, an investment banking firm in Omaha, Nebraska. He is a Vietnam combat veteran and former Deputy Administrator of the Veterans Administration. A graduate of the University of Nebraska at Omaha, Hagel and his wife, Lilibet, have two children.


D r. Margaret A. Hamburg

Dr. Margaret A. Hamburg is Vice President for Biological Programs at NTI, a private foundation whose mission is to reduce the threat of weapons of mass destruction. Prior to her current position, she was the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, where she served as chief policy advisor to the Secretary of Health and Human Services on bioterrorism issues and where she developed the first public health bioterrorism preparedness program in the nation. Dr. Hamburg is a former Commissioner of Health for the City of New York.


J uliette Kayyem

Juliette Kayyem presently serves at a Senior Fellow and Faculty Affiliate at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. For the last two years, she has directed the Kennedy School’s domestic preparedness program, one of the preeminent programs focused on America’s response to the terror attacks of 2001. Before that, she served as a legal advisory to then Attorney General Janet Reno at the Department of Justice until she was appointed, in 1999, to the National Commission on Terrorism by the Minority Leader Richard Gephardt. One of the few Arab-American voices within the national security community, she is a committed advocate for fair homeland security and counterterrorism policies. In 2002, she was named by the Boston Phoenix as “a Hero for our Times.” Her work appears in numerous journals and newspapers, and she is co-editor of The First to Arrive: State and Local Responses to Terror (MIT Press). She also serves as a national security analyst for NBC News. She is a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Law School.


L awrence J. Korb

Lawrence J. Korb is a Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress. Prior to joining the Center, he was Senior Fellow and Director of National Security Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. From July 1998 to October 2002, he was Council Vice President, Director of Studies, and holder of the Maurice Greenberg Chair. Mr. Korb has also served as Director of the Center for Public Policy Education and Senior Fellow in the Foreign Policy Studies Program at the Brookings Institution, Dean of the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh, and Vice President of Corporate Operations at the Raytheon Company. From 1981 through 1985, Mr. Korb was Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower, Reserve Affairs, Installations and Logistics). In that position, he administered about 70 percent of the Defense budget. For his service in that position, he was awarded the Department of Defense’s medal for Distinguished Public Service.


J ames A. Leach

James A. Leach, is the U.S. Representative from Iowa’s Second District. A Republican, he is serving his fourteenth term in Congress. He is Chairman of the Asia and Pacific Subcommittee of the House Committee on International Relations and Chairman Emeritus of the Committee on Banking and Financial Services, which he headed from 1994 to 2000. During his tenure, the Committee enacted the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, the most sweeping banking reform since the New Deal, designed to stimulate competition among providers of financial services and strengthen privacy protection for consumers. A former Foreign Service officer, Congressman Leach is a graduate of Princeton University, where he currently serves as a Trustee, the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, and the London School of Economics.


M ajor General William L. Nash (US Army, Retired)

Major General William L. Nash (US Army, Retired) is the John W. Vessey Senior Fellow and Director of the Center for Preventive Action at the Council on Foreign Relations. A veteran of Vietnam, Operation Desert Storm and 34 years of Army service, he has extensive experience in peacekeeping operations both as a military commander in Bosnia-Herzegovina and as a civil administrator for the United Nations in Kosovo. In addition to his duties at the Council on Foreign Relations, Bill Nash is an adjunct professor at Georgetown University and a military consultant to ABC News.


W illiam J. Perry

William J. Perry is the Michael and Barbara Berberian Professor at Stanford University, with a joint appointment in the School of Engineering and the Institute for International Studies. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution and Co-director of the Preventive Defense Project, a research collaboration of Stanford and Harvard Universities. From 1988 until 1993 he was Co-director of the Center for International Security and Arms Control, Stanford University. Dr. Perry was the 19th Secretary of Defense for the United States, serving from February 1994 to January 1997. He also served as Deputy Secretary of Defense (1993-1994) and as Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering (1977-1981). Dr. Perry’s business experience includes founding and serving as the president of ESL, Inc. (1964-1977); Executive Vice-President of Hambrecht & Quist, Inc. (1981-1985); and founding and serving as the chairman of Technology Strategies & Alliances (1985-1993). He currently serves on the board of several emerging high-tech companies and is the chairman of Global Technology Partners. He received his B.S. and M.S. from Stanford University and his Ph.D. from Penn State, all in mathematics. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Perry has received numerous awards and decorations from U.S. and foreign governments, non-governmental organizations and the military, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1997.


J ohn Podesta

John Podesta is President and CEO of the Center for American Progress. He served as Chief of Staff to President Clinton from 1998 until 2001 and previously in other senior positions in the White House. He has extensive Capitol Hill experience, including positions as Counselor to Democratic Leader Senator Thomas A. Daschle; Chief Counsel to the Senate Agriculture Committee; and Counsel on the Senate Judiciary Committee. Mr. Podesta is also a Visiting Professor of Law on the faculty of the Georgetown University Law Center.


C lyde Prestowitz

Clyde Prestowitz, Founder and President of the Economic Strategy Institute, is author of the international foreign policy bestseller “Rogue Nation: American Unilateralism and the Failure of Good Intentions.” An international affairs expert, Clyde Prestowitz was a senior businessman in the US, Europe, Asia and Latin America before he served as a leading trade negotiator and Counselor to the Secretary of Commerce in the Reagan administration. A regular contributor to the Washington Post, New York Times and other leading publications, he also wrote the best-selling Trading Places, on US-Japan trade relations. A Swarthmore graduate, Clyde Prestowitz holds a MBA from the Wharton School and also studied at the Hawaii’s East-West Center and Tokyo’s Keio University. He is fluent in Japanese, Dutch, German, and French.


R obert E. Rubin

The Honorable Robert E. Rubin graduated summa cum laude from Harvard College in 1960 with an A.B. in economics. He received a L.L.B. from Yale Law School in 1964 and attended the London School of Economics. He was an attorney at the firm of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton in New York City from 1964-1966. He began his career in finance as an associate at Goldman, Sachs & Company in 1966, became a general partner in 1971 and joined the management committee in 1980. Mr. Rubin was Vice-Chairman and Co-Chief Operating Officer from 1987 to 1990 and served as Co-Senior Partner and Co-Chairman from 1990 to 1992. He joined the Clinton Administration in 1993, serving in the White House as Assistant to the President for Economic Policy and the first Director of the National Economic Council. Mr. Rubin served as our nation’s 70th Secretary of the Treasury from January 10, 1995 until July 2, 1999. He joined Citigroup on October 26, 1999 as Director, Chairman of the Executive Committee and Member of the Office of the Chairman and also serves as Chairman of the Board of the Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC), the nation’s leading community development support organization. He also serves as a member of the Board of Directors of the Ford Motor Company and on the Board of Trustees of Mount Sinai-NYU Health. In March 2000 he became a member of the advisory board of Insight Venture Partners, a New York-based private-equity investment firm that specializes in e-commerce business-to-business companies. He is also a member of the Harvard Corporation.


A mbassador Wendy R. Sherman

Wendy R. Sherman has twenty-five years of public- and private-sector executive-level management experience. She has served as Counselor of the Department of State, Special Advisor to the President and Secretary of State on North Korea, and Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs which included responsibility for securing the Department’s more than $23 billion annual budget appropriation. As a chief troubleshooter to two Secretaries of State, Ambassador Sherman’s portfolio included Asia, the Middle East, Central America, North Korea, Russia and Cuba, as well as transnational issues. She directed the Fannie Mae Foundation as President and CEO and also served as a member of the Fannie Mae Operating Committee.


T heodore C. Sorensen

Theodore C. Sorensen, former special counsel and adviser to President John F Kennedy and a widely published author on the presidency and foreign affairs, practiced international law for over 36 years as a senior partner, and now of counsel in the prominent U.S. law firm of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP. Former chairman of the firm’s International Practice Committee, he has represented U.S. and multinational corporations in negotiations with governments all over the world, and advised and assisted a large number of foreign governments and government leaders, ranging from the late President Sadat of Egypt to former President Mandela of South Africa. As an active figure in the Democratic Party, he has served in a number of governmental, political and civic posts. Appointed by President Clinton, he served on the Board of the Central Asian-American Enterprise Fund (covering Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan) and the Commission on White House Fellows. In 2002, Mr. Sorensen was a Fellow at the Institute of Politics in Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government. A director of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Century Foundation, Mr. Sorensen is the author of many books, including the 1965 book, “Kennedy,” an international best seller.


J ames Steinberg

James Steinberg is Vice President and Director of the Foreign Policy Studies Program at The Brookings Institution and is a former Deputy National Security Advisor. His previous positions include Senior Advisor at the Markle Foundation, Director of the Policy Planning Staff at the U.S. Department of State, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Regional Analysis in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research at the State Department, and Senior Analyst at RAND. Mr. Steinberg received his B.A. from Harvard in 1973 and a J.D. degree from Yale Law School in 1978. Mr. Steinberg is the author of and contributor to many books on foreign policy and national security topics, as well as domestic policy, including Protecting the American Homeland and An Ever Closer Union: European Integration and Its Implications for the Future of U.S.-European Relations.


J essica Stern

Jessica Stern is the author of a number of books and articles on terrorism and weapons of destruction, including most recently Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill. She lectures on terrorism at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. She is currently teaching a course on religion and global politics with Samuel Huntington and David Little, jointly offered by Harvard’s Divinity School, School of Public Policy, and Faculty of Arts and Sciences. She served on President Clinton’s national-security council Staff, and has worked as an analyst at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. She was the Superterrorism Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, and has also held several post-doctoral fellowships, including at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution and Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs.

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