What Betty Friedan Saw Coming

When Betty Friedan wrote The Feminine Mystique — the now-classic book that turns 50 next week and is generally credited with launching the modern women’s movement in America — unmarried women in more than half the United States weren’t allowed access to contraception. Married women in some states couldn’t sit on juries, get a job without their husband’s permission, or keep control of their property and earnings.

Today that world seems almost quaintly remote: an exotic long-lost era we revisit with love-hate fascination by watching Mad Men. The “happy housewifes heroines” of those years are grandmothers now, and a great many — having found new lives beyond their homes in the 1970s (whether by choice or necessity) — bear little resemblance to the “sweet, simpering and sort of stupid” femininity that Friedan once described as the ideal of her day.

This article was originally published in TIME.