This year, extreme heat in Phoenix broke records. There have been more emergencies and deaths because of the heat, many of which are due to the pavement and sidewalks becoming even hotter than the air temperature. The city of Phoenix implemented the first Office of Heat Response and Mitigation as a permanent part of its government, which now offers more than 30 different programs and services. Importantly, the city’s cooling tents and 24/7 welcome centers focus on those who are most vulnerable. Meanwhile, the Office of Heat Response and Mitigation is mitigating heat in the city by implementing more shade with tree cover and canopies and adopting a “Cool Pavement” program, which uses a coating to prevent streets from absorbing too much heat. Many of these tools, which are also being used to combat climate change, exist because of the Inflation Reduction Act.