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A Post-Election Look at Immigration Reform

Rally in front of the White House for immigrant rights

SOURCE: AP/Cliff Owen

Gustavo Torres, director, Casa in Action, center, and others chant during a rally of immigration rights organizations, including Casa in Action and Maryland Dream Act, in front of the White House in Washington on November 8, 2012, calling on President Barack Obama to fulfill his promise of passing comprehensive immigration reform.

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In the wake of Tuesday’s election, the airwaves and headlines are exploding with talk of the Latino vote, which is correctly credited with having swung the election for incumbent President Barack Obama. Conservative radio host Sean Hannity and House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) both spoke out this week on the need to provide a pathway to legal status for the 11 million undocumented immigrants living in our nation. Conservatives at last seem to be catching up to both Latino and non-Latino voters alike, who overwhelmingly support dealing with our undocumented immigrants in a smart and sensible manner.

Before the post-election spin cycle is over, here’s what elected officials need to keep in mind about voters and immigration reform:

  • Latino voters vote, and they matter.
  • 90 percent of Latinos in the United States have an immigrant parent or grandparent.
  • Our nation’s 11 million undocumented immigrants are not an abstract concept to Latino voters.
  • Americans support a pathway to citizenship for our undocumented immigrants.
  • The program protecting DREAMers is the model for broader reforms.

Here’s what elected officials need to know about these five post-election facts.

Latino voters vote, and they matter

It’s already feeling like old news, but it’s worth repeating and remembering—exit polling found that a record-breaking 71 percent of Latinos voted for President Obama in this election. One should note that Latinos were a larger share of the electorate this electoral season, going from 9.5 percent of the electorate in 2008 to 11 percent in 2012.

Their votes were especially felt in key swing states such as Florida, Colorado, Nevada, and New Mexico. In Colorado—an important swing state this election cycle—87 percent of Latinos voted for President Obama, and the number of Latino votes for President Obama (261,037) was more than twice as large as the president’s margin of victory in that state (113,099).

90 percent of Latinos in the United States have an immigrant parent or grandparent

That means 9 out of 10 Latinos are within two generations of their immigrant roots. It’s no surprise, then, that they are listening closely to both the tone and content of candidates’ message when they talk about immigration.

Our nation’s 11 million undocumented immigrants are not an abstract concept to Latino voters

It might be stating the obvious, but undocumented immigrants don’t all live together in one apartment building. In fact, 60 percent of Latino voters know an undocumented immigrant, and one-quarter know someone who is either facing deportation or has been deported.

So when Republicans take aim at the undocumented with proposals such as “self-deportation” and ending President Obama’s popular Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program to not deport “DREAMers”—immigrant youth who were brought to the United States at a young age and who are not documented but who would be eligible for the DREAM Act—Latino voters see a target on the back of a family member, a friend, or a co-worker. This rhetoric is real for Latino voters.

Americans support a pathway to citizenship for our undocumented immigrants

When Americans went to the polls on Tuesday, they were divided on many issues. Exit polls showed, however, that Americans were not divided on the issue of finding a common-sense solution for the 11 million immigrants here without proper papers. Sixty-five percent of those polled thought that undocumented immigrants should be “offered a chance to apply for legal status,” including 37 percent of voters who supported Republican presidential candidate and former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney.

The exit polling reflects a trend that has been building for months. In June Gallup reported that Americans would choose “dealing with illegal immigrants already in the United States” over “halting flow of illegal immigrants” by a margin of 55 percent to 41 percent, respectively—a near flip from the numbers when Gallup asked this same question in 2011. A similar poll conducted by CNN and ORC International in October shows that 56 percent of registered voters interviewed believe the main focus of the U.S. government in dealing with undocumented immigrants should be to “plan to help them become legal residents.”

The program protecting DREAMers is the model for broader reforms

In June President Obama lifted the shadow of deportation from 1.76 million aspiring Americans by allowing them to request discretionary relief from removal and work authorization through the Deferred Action program. To date, the program, which officially began in August, has been a success, with 180,000 applications having been accepted for consideration. That’s nearly one-fifth of potential applicants applying within the first two months of the program’s existence.

Still, the program is only a band-aid on a much bigger wound, and the economic benefit to going the full nine yards and legalizing this youth is substantial. Fortunately, Deferred Action and the DREAM Act are popular with Latinos and non-Latinos alike. An October poll showed that 64 percent of registered voters, when asked if they thought President Obama’s policy toward DREAMers had gone too far, thought the policy was “about right.” The same can be said of 71 percent of Latinos polled.

Conclusion

As is often the case, the public’s thinking is ahead of lawmakers’ actions. Lawmakers can’t afford to sit on the sidelines and avoid working for common-sense immigration policies. Both the politics and policy point toward giving the 11 million people who aspire to be citizens a chance to come forward and contribute as full Americans.

Angela Maria Kelley is the Vice President for Immigration Policy and Advocacy at the Center for American Progress. Ann Garcia is a Research and Policy Associate for the Center.

To speak with our experts on this topic, please contact:

Print: Allison Preiss (economy, education, poverty)
202.478.6331 or apreiss@americanprogress.org

Print: Tom Caiazza (foreign policy, health care, energy and environment, LGBT issues, gun-violence prevention)
202.481.7141 or tcaiazza@americanprogress.org

Print: Chelsea Kiene (women's issues, Legal Progress, Half in Ten Education Fund)
202.478.5328 or ckiene@americanprogress.org

Spanish-language and ethnic media: Tanya Arditi (immigration, race and ethnicity)
202.741.6258 or tarditi@americanprogress.org

TV: Rachel Rosen
202.483.2675 or rrosen@americanprogress.org

Radio: Chelsea Kiene
202.478.5328 or ckiene@americanprogress.org