Idea of the Day: Expand the Child Tax Credit
The Senate is currently considering legislation (S. 3355/H.R. 6049) that would expand the Child Tax Credit to provide assistance to a greater number of low-income families, helping them to cope with the growing financial challenges associated with the current economy. The Child Tax Credit helps families manage the costs of raising children. Yet certain rules leave the neediest families behind. An estimated 10.6 million children in low-income families were completely ineligible for the Child Tax Credit in 2007, and an additional 11 million low-income children received less than the full benefit amount—all while families making $75,000-$100,000 receive the greatest benefit.
Families can receive up to $1,000 per child. There are two components to the credit: The basic CTC, which is non-refundable and only available to families who earn enough to pay taxes, and the additional tax credit, which is refundable, and available for families who earn above $12,050 in 2008. Current legislation focuses on the refundable additional tax credit. Families can always collect the value of the additional tax credit, no matter what they were required to pay in taxes during the year. But because this refundable portion of the Child Tax Credit has a minimum income requirement of $12,050 for tax year 2008, and the actual value of the benefit increases according to earned income, those who make more also collect more.
The House and Senate bills include several tax-related provisions, but both would lower the income floor for the refundable child tax credit from $12,050 to $8,500. Legislation was passed in the House of Representatives and was introduced in the Senate. If it becomes law, nearly 3 million children will be newly eligible for the credit and 10.1 million will receive an increased monetary benefit.
Allowing more families to qualify will bring economic relief to working families, especially during this era of rising food and gas prices. Future policy directions can and should go even further by extending the credit to all low-income families, including those that make under $8,500. The Center for American Progress has developed a comprehensive plan for cutting poverty in half that includes a proposal for extending the child tax credit to all low-income children. This proposal would reduce poverty by 3.3 million people, including 2.1 million children.
For more on this topic, please see:
- Want to Help 13 Million Children? Expanding the Child Tax Credit
- Child Tax Credit Issue Brief
- "From Poverty to Prosperity: A National Strategy to Cut Poverty in Half"
To speak with our experts on this topic, please contact:
Print: Katie Peters (economy, education, poverty, Half in Ten Education Fund)
202.741.6285 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Print: Anne Shoup (foreign policy and national security, energy, LGBT issues, health care, gun-violence prevention)
202.481.7146 or email@example.com
Print: Crystal Patterson (immigration)
202.478.6350 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Print: Madeline Meth (women's issues, Legal Progress, higher education)
202.741.6277 or email@example.com
Spanish-language and ethnic media: Tanya Arditi
202.741.6258 or firstname.lastname@example.org
TV: Lindsay Hamilton
202.483.2675 or email@example.com
Radio: Chelsea Kiene
202.478.5328 or firstname.lastname@example.org