Center for American Progress

The Impacts of Climate Change and the Trump Administration’s Anti-Environmental Agenda in Virginia
Fact Sheet

The Impacts of Climate Change and the Trump Administration’s Anti-Environmental Agenda in Virginia

Virginia is under increasing threat from climate change, with 12 different $1 billion extreme weather events occurring from 2017 through 2019.

Seawater collects in front of a home in Tangier, Virginia, where climate change and rising sea levels threaten the inhabitants of the slowly sinking island, May 2017. (Getty/Jim Watson)

Just in the past three years, the Trump administration has attempted to roll back at least 95 environmental rules and regulations to the detriment of the environment and Americans’ public health. Moreover, the administration refuses to act to mitigate the effects of climate change—instead loosening requirements for polluters emitting the greenhouse gases that fuel the climate crisis. This dangerous agenda is affecting the lives of Americans across all 50 states.

Between 2017 and 2019, Virginia experienced three tropical cyclones, six severe storms, two winter storms, and one freeze. The damages of each event led to losses of at least $1 billion.

Impacts of climate change

Extreme weather

  • In 2018 Hurricane Michael struck Virginia and surrounding regions, leaving 520,000 Virginians without power and causing more than $25 million in damage across the Eastern Seaboard.
  • Since 1950, the sea level around Hampton Roads, Virginia, has risen by more than 14 inches and is projected to rise another 6 inches by 2030. Virginia is planning to spend more than $4 billion on solutions for sea level rise.
    • The Hampton Roads area is the second-largest population center at risk from sea level rise in the United States.
  • Currently, 164,000 people in Virginia are at risk of coastal flooding. By 2050, that number is projected to nearly double to 301,000.
  • Currently, Virginia has 450 square miles in its 100-year flood plain. By 2050, this number is projected to increase to 600 square miles—nearly 10 times the total area of its capital city, Richmond.


  • Virginia currently experiences fewer than 10 days of dangerous heat per year, but projections indicate that number will increase fourfold to more than 40 such days per year by 2050. This endangers the lives of the more than 160,000 people in Virginia who are especially vulnerable to extreme heat.

Impacts of the Trump administration’s anti-environmental policies


  • In March 2020, the Trump administration announced its final rule to overturn Obama-era fuel efficiency standards for cars. These weakened fuel standards will lead to higher greenhouse gas and particulate matter emissions and will cost Virginia residents $587.7 million
  • The Trump administration is attempting to gut climate considerations from major infrastructure projects by eliminating the “cumulative impact” requirement of the National Environmental Policy Act. This is concerning because Virginia’s economy relies heavily on its tourism, agriculture, and outdoor recreation industries—all of which are highly dependent on climate and weather conditions.
    • Tourism: In 2017, Virginia’s tourism sector employed nearly 232,000 people and generated an economic impact of $25 billion.
    • Agriculture: The agriculture industry in Virginia employs nearly 334,000 people and generates an economic impact of $70 billion
    • Outdoor recreation: The outdoor recreation industry in Virginia generates 197,000 direct jobs and nearly $22 billion in consumer spending.

Air quality

  • Mercury emissions in Virginia decreased by more than 71 percent from 2011 to 2017, yet the Trump administration just undermined limits on the amount of mercury and other toxic emissions that are allowed from power plants.

Water quality

To read the personal stories of Americans affected by climate change and the impacts of the Trump administration’s anti-environmental policies in your state, visit

The positions of American Progress, and our policy experts, are independent, and the findings and conclusions presented are those of American Progress alone. A full list of supporters is available here. American Progress would like to acknowledge the many generous supporters who make our work possible.