Since taking office, the Trump administration has worked relentlessly to restrict the U.S. immigration system, limiting immigrants’ abilities to come to the United States and making life more difficult for those already here. In particular, the administration has taken steps to strip protection from deportation and work authorization from several groups of immigrants who have lived in the country for decades—those with Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), Temporary Protected Status (TPS), and Deferred Enforced Departure (DED).
The Dream and Promise Act of 2019, or H.R. 6, offers a pathway to citizenship for these and certain similarly situated immigrants who have spent much of their lives in the United States. Dreamers who are eligible for protection under the bill on average arrived in the United States at the age of 8 and have grown up and built their lives knowing the United States as their home. Immigrants eligible for TPS or DED—programs protecting individuals in the United States whose countries of origin are experiencing ongoing armed conflict, natural disasters, or other extraordinary conditions—have, on average, lived in the United States since 1997.
Up to 2.5 million immigrants across the country could be eligible for protection under the Dream and Promise Act. Without permanent protections such as those in the Dream and Promise Act, these immigrants’ and their families’ futures in the United States—as well as the fiscal and economic contributions they make—are at risk.
Resources for city-level, county-level, and congressional district-level data
For detailed demographic estimates and economic contributions for 110 cities and 317 counties across the United States, please see “Cities and Counties Stand to Benefit From the American Dream and Promise Act.” For congressional district data, please see this interactive map produced in collaboration with the University of Southern California Dornsife Center for the Study of Immigration Integration, “American Dream and Promise Act of 2019 (H.R. 6) Populations and their Economic Contributions by U.S. Congressional District.”
The following fact sheets provide an in-depth look at immigrants eligible for protection under the Dream and Promise Act by state. Each state-specific fact sheet includes estimates of the following data, where available:
- The number of immigrants eligible for protection
- The number of individuals, including U.S.-born citizen children, living with family members who are eligible for protection
- The average age at entry to the United States for Dreamers (protected under Title I)
- The average year of arrival to the United States for TPS- and DED-eligible immigrants (protected under Title II)
- Homeownership numbers and annual mortgage payments
- Federal and state and local tax contributions for households with Dream and Promise Act-eligible immigrants
- Spending power
- Cities and/or counties with sizeable populations of TPS holders
The national and state fact sheets are accessible below:
- United States
- District of Columbia
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- West Virginia
Nicole Prchal Svajlenka is a senior policy analyst for Immigration Policy at the Center for American Progress.