The Impacts of Climate Change and the Trump Administration’s Anti-Environmental Agenda in Arkansas

Download the PDF here.

Just in the past three years, the Trump administration has attempted to roll back at least 95 environmental rules and regulations to the detriment of the environment and Americans’ public health. Moreover, the administration refuses to act to mitigate the effects of climate change—instead loosening requirements for polluters emitting the greenhouse gases that fuel the climate crisis. This dangerous agenda is affecting the lives of Americans across all 50 states.

Between 2017 and 2019, Arkansas experienced six severe storms and three floods. The damages of these events led to losses of at least $1 billion.

Impacts of climate change

Extreme weather

  • In 2019, Arkansas witnessed record-breaking flooding when the Arkansas River rose by more than 40 feet across three states, including Arkansas, and resulted in $3.1 billion in damages.
  • Arkansas is ranked as a top 10 state for the highest number of flood insurance payouts.
  • The number of summer droughts in the state is projected to double by 2050.
  • Arkansas faces one of the highest threats for inland flooding—with 210,000 people in the state at risk—yet is one of the least prepared states against the threat.
  • Hot Springs National Park in Arkansas is ranked third among national parks that will face the biggest increase in the annual average number of days hotter than 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The average will go up to 71 days per year by 2100, or 65 more days than 1991 to 2010 levels.
  • Arkansas averages more than 1,000 wildfires annually, and more than 3 million Arkansans live at an elevated risk of wildfires.

Temperature

  • Arkansas currently averages 18 days per year when heat exceeds dangerous levels, but projections indicate that number will more than triple to 63 days per year by 2050. This endangers the lives of the more than 100,000 people in Arkansas who are especially vulnerable to extreme heat.
  • Projections indicate that Arkansas’ climate will resemble that of Pharr, Texas, by 2100.
  • By 2100, summers in Little Rock, Arkansas, will be 46 degrees Fahrenheit hotter than 2014 summer temperatures.
  • Fayetteville, Arkansas, has seen a 16-day increase in the annual average number of days ideal for mosquito season since 1980, increasing the threat of mosquito-related viruses.

Impacts of the Trump administration’s anti-environmental policies

Climate

  • In March 2020, the Trump administration announced its final rule to overturn Obama-era fuel efficiency standards for cars. These weakened fuel standards will lead to higher greenhouse gas and particulate matter emissions and will cost Arkansans more than $230 million
  • The Trump administration is attempting to gut climate considerations from major infrastructure projects by eliminating the “cumulative impact” requirement of the National Environmental Policy Act. This is concerning because Arkansas’s economy relies heavily on its tourism and outdoor recreation industries, both of which are highly dependent on climate and weather conditions.
    • Tourism: In 2018, the Arkansas visitor industry accounted for 68,000 jobs and generated an economic impact of $570 million in state and local tax revenues.
    • Outdoor recreation: The outdoor recreation industry in Arkansas generates 96,000 direct jobs and more than $9.7 billion in consumer spending.
    • Agriculture: Arkansas’ agriculture industry contributes $16 billion in state revenue annually and supports 49,346 Arkansas is the leading producer of rice in the United States, growing roughly 50 percent of the nation’s rice.

Air quality

  • Mercury emissions in Arkansas decreased by more than 88 percent from 2011 to 2017, yet the Trump administration just undermined limits on the amount of mercury and other toxic emissions from power plants.

Water quality

To read the personal stories of Americans affected by climate change and the impacts of the Trump administration’s anti-environmental policies in your state, visit OurEnvironment.org.