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Identification and Authentication Resource Page

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This is a resource page in connection with the Center for American Progress report “The ID Divide: Addressing the Problems of Identification and Authentication in American Society,” by Peter P. Swire and Cassandra Q. Butts.

CAP Resources

Watch the video: Bruce Schneier talks about ID security on Science Progress.

Watch the video: Bruce Schneier answers the question: What are biometrics?

General Authentication

The 9/11 Commission, The 9/11 Commission Report, Pages 385-398 (on Biometrics).

American National Standards Institute, “Draft Report: Identity Theft Prevention and Identity Management Standards Panel (IDSP)—Phase 2 Teleconference Meeting,” March 4, 2008, Document Issued: 3/11/08 IDSP 078 – Draft Report 03f0408 IDSP Phase 2 Telecon

American National Standards Institute / Better Business Bureau, “Report Summary, Excerpt from Final Report – Volume I: Findings and Recommendations,” ANSI-BBB Identity Theft Prevention and Identity Management Standards Panel, January 31, 2008

Boult, T.E., Scheirer W.J., Woodworth, R.; IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2007. (CVPR ’07); “Revocable Fingerprint Biotokens: Accuracy and Security Analysis,” June 2007.

Cameron, Kim, “Kim Cameron’s Identity Blog.” Center for Democracy and Technology, “Authentication Privacy Principles Working Group,” May 13, 2003.

Center for Democracy and Technology, “Privacy Principles for Identity in the Digital Age, Draft for Comment—Version 1.4,” December 2007.

Clark, Roger; Principal, Xamax Consultancy Pty Ltd, Canberra; Visiting Fellow, Department of Computer Science, Australian National University; “Biometrics and Privacy,” April 15, 2001.

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences, Batch, Kristen, Millett, Lynette I., Pato, Joseph N., “Summary of a Workshop on the Technology, Policy, and Cultural Dimensions of Biometric Systems,” (2006).

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences , Kent, Stephen T., Millett, Lynette I., “Who Goes There? Authentication Through the Lens of Privacy,” (2003).

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences , Kent, Stephen T., Millett, Lynette I., “IDs—Not That Easy: Questions About Nationwide Identity Systems,” (2002).

Crompton, Malcolm, Managing Director, Information Integrity Solutions Pty Ltd., Open Forum, “Identity Management in New Zealand, CeBIT Australia and the Merry Month of May…,” May 29, 2008.

Crompton, Malcolm, Information Integrity Solutions, Invited International Presentations.

Crompton, Malcolm, Information Integrity Solutions, Other Publications and Speeches since April 2004.

Crowley, P.J., “Making Our Ports a Priority,” Center for American Progress, July 1, 2004.

Electronic Privacy Information Center, “Biomentric Identifiers,” April 11, 2008.

Federal Trade Commission, “Consumer Fraud and Identity Theft Complaint Data, January – December 2007,” February 2008.

Harper, Jim, His Homepage at the Cato Institute, Links to his book, Identity Crisis: How Identification Is Overused and Misunderstood.

Harris Interactive, “Identity Theft: New Survey & Trend Report,” 2003.

Hoofnagle, Chris Jay, and Honig, Emily, “Victoria’s Secret and Financial Privacy,” 2005.

Liberty Alliance, Home Page.

Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age, Zoe Baird and James Barksdale, Chairs, Mobilizing Information to Prevent Terrorism: Acceleration Development of a Trusted Information Sharing Environment, 2006, Pages 65-72 (on System and Information Security Technologies).

Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age, Zoe Baird and James Barksdale, Chairs, Michael A. Vatis, 2003, Executive Director, Creating a Trusted Network for Homeland Security, Pages 13-17 (on Authentication Technology)

Markle Foundation Task Force on National Security in the Information Age, Protecting America’s Freedom in the Information Age, 2002, 17-19 (on Security Information Networks), and 75-78 (on Civil Liberties and Homeland Security).

Powell, Kimberly, “Top 10 Places to Find Maiden Names,” About.com: Genealogy.

Privacy International, Leading Surveillance Societies in the EU and the World 2007.

Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, “A Chronology of Data Breaches,” Posted April 20, 2005, Updated May 14, 2008.

Schneier, Bruce, “Fun with Fingerprint Readers,” Crypto-Gram Newsletter, May 15, 2002.

Swire, Peter P., “Privacy and Information Sharing in the War on Terrorism,” Villanova Law Review, Vol. 51, 2006.

Synovate, Prepared for Federal Trade Commission, “2006 Identity Theft Survey Report,” November 2007.

Tolman, John P., Vice President and National Legislative Representative, Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers and Trainmen—A Division of the Teamsters Rail Conference, “Testimony Before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittee on Highways and Transit Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials Hearing on Transit and Rail Security”, March 7, 2007.

Transportation Security Administration, “Privacy Impact Assessment Transportation Worker Identification Credential Prototype” Version 1.0, November 5, 2004.

Read ID and National ID Issues

Abernathy, William, and Tien, Lee, Electronic Frontier Foundation, “Biometrics: Who’s Watching You?

American Civil Liberties Union, “Real Nightmare” (large site with REAL ID links).

American Civil Liberties Union, “Real Nightmare,” “About the Issue: Real Stories.”

Broache, Anne, Staff Writer, CNET News.com, February 6, 2008 4:00 AM PST.

Brown, Mark, “Retired fireman’s identity mired in 40-year-old fudge,” Chicago Sun-Times, March 21, 2006.

Center for Democracy and Technology, “REAL ID: What Should Congress Do Now? CDT Analysis of the REAL ID Act and the Department of Homeland Security’s Final Regulations,” February 1, 2008.

Center for Democracy and Technology, “Letter urging President Bush to resist the standardization of state drivers’ licenses as a de facto national ID card system,” Feb. 12, 2002.

Cope, Sophia, Center for Democracy and Technology, “Comments on REAL ID Regulations,” May 8, 2007

Cope, Sophia, Center for Democracy and Technology, “Written Testimony to the Department of Homeland Security Data Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee,” March 21, 2007.

Cope, Sophia, Center for Democracy and Technology, “Written Testimony to the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia,” April 29, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, REAL ID, May 29, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, REAL ID, Proposed Guidelines: Questions & Answers, March 1, 2007.

Department of Homeland Security, “Final REAL ID regulations—Part 1,” January 11, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, “Final REAL ID regulations—Part 2,” January 11, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, “REAL ID Privacy Impact Assessment by DHS Privacy Office,” January 11, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, “What Others Are Saying,” May 20, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, “Debunking the Myths,” May 20, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, “Fact Sheet,” May 20, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, “Frequently Asked Questions,” May 20, 2008.

Dershowitz, Alan M., New York Times, October 13, 2001, “Why Fear National ID Cards?

Engberg, Stephan, Priway, “A World without PETs,” November 2007.

Engberg, Stephan, Priway, “Do’s and Dont’s in Biometrics,” November 2007.

Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, “Licensed Drivers by Sex and Ratio to Population—2003,” 2004.

Givens, Beth, Privacy Rights Clearinghouse, “Real ID Act Will Increase Exposure to ID Theft.”

Leahy, Patrick, “Reaction of Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT) On Release of The Final REAL ID Regulations By The U.S. Department Of Homeland Security,” January 11, 2008.

National Governors Association, National Conference of State Legislatures, American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators, The Real ID Act: National Impact Analysis (pdf) (posted 9/25/06).

National Immigration Law Center, “Questions and Answers about Driver’s Licenses Now That Final REAL ID Regulations Have Been Issued.”

National Immigration Law Center, Friedland, Joan, REAL ID Proposed Regulations: Comments submitted by NILC to Dept. of Homeland Security, May 2, 2007 (pdf) (posted 5/3/07).

National Immigration Law Center, Summary of the Driver’s License Provisions in the REAL ID Act of 2005 as Made Part of the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Tsunami Relief (pdf) (posted 5/19/05).

National Immigration Law Center, Statement: Ill-Considered, Inflexible REAL ID Act Will Harm Non–U.S. Citizens and U.S. Citizens Alike (pdf) (posted 5/12/05).

National Immigration Law Center, Talking Points: Why the REAL ID Act’s Driver’s License Restrictions Are Really Anti-Immigrant (pdf) (5/9/05).

National Immigration Law Center, Talking Points: The REAL ID Act Is a Really Bad Idea (pdf, prepared by the National Council of La Raza) (3/05).

O’Neal, Kevin, "Mismatched Records May Cost Hoosiers Their Licenses," The Indianapolis Star, November 2, 2007.

Quarmby, Ben, 2003 Duke L. & Tech. Rev. 0002, “The Case for National DNA Identification Cards.”

The Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration, Joe Fontana, M.P., Chair, A National Identity Card for Canada? Zuckerman, Diana M., “Blind Adults in America: Their Lives and Challenges,” 2004, Washington, DC, National Center for Policy Research for Women & Families.

Employment Verification and Immigration

American Immigration Law Foundation, Legal Action Center: Practice Advisories—Federal Court Review, “How to File a Petition for Review,” October 25, 2006.

American Immigration Law Foundation, Legal Action Center: Practice Advisories—Federal Court Review, “Federal Court Jurisdiction Over Discretionary Decisions After REAL ID: Mandamus, Other Affirmative Suits and Petitions for Review,” By Mary Kenney, April 5, 2006.

American Immigration Law Foundation, Legal Action Center: Practice Advisories—Federal Court Review, “Judicial Review Provisions of The REAL ID Act,” June 7, 2005.

American Immigration Lawyers Association, AILA InfoNet Doc. No. 08030660 (posted Mar. 6, 2008), “Cato Study Finds E-Verify “Ineffective, Intrusive, Expensive.”

Brennan Center for Justice, “Citizens without Proof: A Survey of Americans’ Possession of Documentary Proof of Citizenship and Photo Identification,” November 2006.

Cope, Sophia, Center for Democracy and Technology, “Comments on E-Verify Program,” March 12, 2008.

Department of Homeland Security, E-Verify.

Electronic Privacy Information Center, “Spotlight on Surveillance July 2007: E-Verify System: DHS Changes Name, But Problems Remain for U.S. Workers.”

Government Accountability Office, “Medicaid: States Reported That Citizenship Documentation Requirement Resulted in Enrollment Declines for Eligible Citizens and Posed Administrative Burdens,” June, 2007.

Harper, Jim, Cato Institute, Policy Analysis no. 612, “Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification: Franz Kafka’s Solution to Illegal Immigration”, March 6, 2008.

National Immigration Law Center, “Immigrants and Driver’s Licenses.”

National Immigration Law Center, “Reverification of Workers’ Employment Authorization.”

National Immigration Law Center, “Reverification of Employment Eligibility: Frequently Asked Questions.”

National Immigration Law Center, “Basic Information Brief: Reverification.”

National Immigration Law Center, “Basic Pilot / E-Verify—Not a Magic Bullet,” January 4, 2008.

National Immigration Law Center, “Why States and Localities Should Not Require Employers to Participate in the Basic Pilot/E-Verify Program,” January 15, 2008.

National Immigration Law Center, “Basic Information Brief—DHS Basic Pilot / E-Verify Program,” March 2008.

New Haven Police Department, Affidavit, Cassanova, Luiz, Leiutennant, NHPD, Affidavit (Elm City Resident Card), January, 2008.

New Haven Police Department, Affidavit, Ortiz, Francisco, Chief of Police, NHPD, Affidavit (Municipal ID), January, 2008.

Office of the Inspector General, Social Security Administration, “Congressional Response Report: Accuracy of the Social Security Administration’s Numident File,” December 2006.

Office of the Inspector General, Social Security Administration, “Congressional Response Report: Employer Feedback on the Social Security Administration’s Verification Programs,” December 2006.

Office of the Inspector General, Social Security Administration, “Congressional Response Report: Monitoring the Use of Employee Verification Programs,” September 2006.

Pear, Robert, “Lacking Papers, Citizens are Cut from Medicaid,” New York Times, March 12, 2007.

Sparapani, Tim, ACLU, “ACLU Memo to Interested Persons Regarding Problems with Employment Eligibility Verification Legislative Proposals,” December 7, 2005.

Temple University Institute for Survey Research and Westat, “Findings of the Basic Pilot Program Evaluation,” June 2002.

Westat, “Findings of the Web-Based Basic Pilot Evaluation,” September 2007.

Medical Records

Markle Foundation Connecting for Health, The Personal Health Working Group Final Report.

Markle Foundation Connecting for Health, Connecting Americans to Their Health Care: Consumer Authentication for Networked Personal Health Information.

Markle Foundation Connecting for Health, Press Release for the Above Report.

World Privacy Forum, “The Medical Identity Theft Information Page.”

Voting

American Civil Liberties Union, “Voting Rights Project Homepage.”

American Civil Liberties Union, “ACLU Urges Senate to Oppose Voter ID Amendment to Immigration Reform Bill,” June 5, 2007.

American Civil Liberties Union, “Supreme Court Hears ACLU’s Landmark Voter ID Case,” January 9, 2008.

Barreto, Matt A., Nuño, Stephen A., and Sanchez, Gabriel R., “The Disproportionate Impact of Indiana Voter ID Requirements on the Electorate,” Working Paper, Washington Institute for the Study of Ethnicity and Race, November 8, 2007.

Commission on Federal Election Reform, “Building Confidence in U.S. Elections,” September 2005.

Hart, Peter, and McInturff, Bill, NBC News/Wall Street Journal Survey, Study #6062, (2006), p. 13, Question 17, Item 1.

Levitt, Justin, Weiser, Wendy R., Munoz, Ana; Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law, “Making the List: Database Matching and Verification Processes for Voter Registration,” March 24, 2006.

Overton, Spencer, “Voter Identification,” Michigan Law Review, 2006.

Overton, Spencer, “Voter ID supporters lack hard evidence,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, April 8, 2005.

Supreme Court Merits and Amicus Briefs, Crawford v. Marion County Election Board, Docket No. 07-21, and Indiana Democratic Party v. Rokita, Docket No. 07-25 (consolidated).

Task Force on the Federal Election System, “To Assure Pride and Confidence in the Electoral Process: Task Force Reports to Accompany the Report of the National Commission on Election Reform,” Ch. 6, 2001.

Wang, Tova, The Century Foundation, and Ryan, Timothy J., “Issues in Depth—Election Reform: Voter ID Laws.”

Wang, Tova, The Century Foundation, “Fraud, Reform, and Political Power: Controlling the Vote, From Nineteenth-Century America to Present-Day Georgia,” October 30, 2006

Wang, Tova, The Century Foundation, “High Court to Ponder Question Plaguing Voters ‘Got ID?’” October 24, 2007.

Wang, Tova, The Century Foundation, “Voter ID Déjà vu,” October 30, 2006.

Wang, Tova, The Century Foundation, “More Voter ID Judiciousness,” September 20, 2006

Wang, Tova, The Century Foundation, With: Goldman, Jonah H., as featured in The Press-Enterprise, “Photo ID Requirement Compromises Voter Rights,” November 6, 2005.

Wang, Tova, The Century Foundation, “Voter ID and Fraud: Prove It,” July 28, 2005.

Wang, Tova, The Century Foundation, “Where’s the Voter Fraud?” December 4, 2006.

Weiser, Wendy R., Levitt, Justin, and Weiss, Catherine; Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law; and Overton, Spencer, “Response to the Report of the 2005 Commission on Federal Election Reform,” 2005.

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